Thursday, November 23, 2017

Enrich Your Russian Vocabulary. Lesson 26. Пополни словарный запас русского языка. Урок 26.

правда = ‘truth’;
said with a rising intonation правда?, it means ‘really?’;
неправда = ‘lie, untruth’;
может быть, они говорят правду = ‘maybe they are telling the truth’;
не может быть! = ‘I don’t believe this, that’s not possible’ (literally, not maybe).
прав = ‘right’: он прав = ‘he is right’;
она права = ‘she is right’;
вы правы, мы можем сделать это сами = ‘you are right, we can do it ourselves’.
в принципе вы правы = ‘in principle you are right’ (принцип = ‘principle’).
время покажет, кто был прав = ‘time will tell (show) who was right’.
право = ‘the right, law’;
права (plural) = ‘rights’, ‘driving licence’: у нас есть права = ‘we have rights’; у вас есть права? = ‘have you got a driving licence?’;
вот мои права = ‘here is my driving licence’.
направо = ‘on / to the right’; налево = ‘on / to the left’;
правый = ‘right, right￾wing’;
левый = ‘left, left-wing’;
правая партия = ‘right-wing party’;
левая газета = ‘left-wing newspaper’.


Thursday, November 9, 2017

Enrich Your Russian Vocabulary. Lesson 25. Пополни словарный запас русского языка. Урок 25.

Пока мы здесь одни, скажите мне, пожалуйста ... = ‘while we are alone here, tell me please ...’
один also has a ‘who or what form’ (accusative) in the feminine:
дайте мне эту книгу = ‘give me this book’;
oдну минуту! / oдну минутку! = ‘one moment, just a minute’.
Here, the ‘who or what form’ is used because there is a verb implied (e.g. ‘wait a moment’, or ‘give me a moment’).
одни can also mean ‘some people’:
одни ... другие ... = ‘some people ... others ...’;
одни любят готовить, другие любят есть = ‘some people like to cook, others like to eat’.
что ещё? = ‘what else?’;
кто ещё? = ‘who else?’;
куда ещё? = ‘where else?’
(direction, i.e. ‘to where else?’);
где ещё? = ‘where else?’ (location, literally, in where else).
четыре = ‘four’.
The numbers 2, 3 and 4 are followed by a noun in the ‘of’ situation (genitive case): я уже жду четыре часа = ‘I have already been waiting for four hours’; «Три сестры» Чехова = ‘The Three Sisters by Chekhov’ (literally, of Chekhov).
The feminine form of the number 2 is две; feminine nouns following it also take the ‘of’ ending (genitive): две сестры = ‘two sisters’; две минуты = ‘two minutes’.